MAC1701

Census IDMAC1701
LocationMacau, Madre de Deus (St. Paul's)
BuilderUnknown, possibly made in the Philippines
SpecsI/(?)
ActionMechanical

An organ in the Church of Madre de Deus (St. Paul’s) in Macau, noted by the writer Wang Shizhen (王士禎, 1634 – 1711) who remarked around 1701 that:

“In the church [of Madre de Deus] there is an organ; all sorts of different timbres are produced through [its] metal pipes. The machine is stored in a wooden case; the pipes are connected with strings [trackers] and wheels [rollers]. One person operates the machine, and is able to play all of the tones.” (Chibei outan (1701), Chapter 21, in: Wen yuan ge siku quanshu.)

If an interpretation of  ‘wheels’ as rollers is correct, than only a church organ of some size would require a rollerboard to transmit the tracker action from the key to the pallet, indicating that MAC1701 was larger than a positive. Its relationship to MAC1670 has not been ascertained, and it may be the same instrument, possibly built in the Philippines.

This is also a very early account in Chinese by a Chinese writer of a western pipe organ.